How ISRO missed title of discoverer of Water on Moon
Moon, a natural satellite of Earth. We are unaware about the evolution, and about the traits of moon yet. Since 1959 first lunar mission was initiated by USSR to study the moon and then on 20th July 1969 Neil Armstrong landed on Apollo Lunar Module Eagle by USA and became the first to reach on the surface of moon. Till then different space agencies of world are studying the moon. Yet to discover a lot.
India has launched it’s first lunar probe in October 2008, named Chandrayaan 1. The mission had a lunar orbiter and an impactor. India launched the spacecraft using PSLV-XL rocket. The estimated cost of chandrayan 1 was Rs.386 crore. It was launched from satish dhawan space centra at Sriharikota. The Chandrayaan 1 had carried 5 ISRO payloads and 6 payloads of other countries including NASA at free of cost, no charge has been charged for carrying these 6 payloads. ISRO had chosen the location of South Pole on Moon to study the region. As earlier lunar mission had studied the centre portion. The moon has a very rough surface and has very deep craters on it’s surface as if moon had witnessed some violent collisions in the space. The poles of the moon has very less access to sunlight of sun so these poles are very cold and even darker. To research those parts ISRO has chosen the south location of moon
What actually happened?
ISRO has send payload MIP to the moon for discovering the water on the moon. The speed of the MIP was 6100 km/hr.
MIP (moon impact probe) collided with the surface of the moon and made a big crater on the moon surface and the soil of that area rosen upwards to higher level and the sun rays passed through this soil and the same time the payload of NASA named M3 Moon Mineralogy Maper observed this and saved the changes of the soil after coming in contact with the sun rays. MIP of ISRO has also observed but lack of some solid proofs ISRO hadn’t confirmed the presence of water on the moon while M3 of NASA kept on storing data and sending the same to NASA. The NASA didn’t want to share the credit with ISRO so in 2009 send LRO and LCROSS to moon with the objective to discover water there. So with LCROSS the collision with the surface of moon was done and LRO studied and observed the soil which was risen up. The LEND apparatus on the LRO send the neutron rays on the moon soil and read the data. Using all the accurate data they formed the graphs and revealed the world first that water is present on the moon in the form of ice caps with the soil. This way ISRO lost the opportunity to be the first to discover water on Moon.
Taking payloads of NASA at free of cost, actually an expensive deal for ISRO.