Diwali is one of the biggest festivals in India. The word ‘Diwali’ means rows of lighted lamps. It is a festival of lights and Hindus celebrate it with joy. During this festival, people light up their houses and shops with Diyas. They worship the Lord Ganesha for good welfare and prosperity and Goddess Lakshmi for wealth wisdom. Diwali comes around the months of October and November; people clean and decorate their houses before the festival. Diwali is an official holiday in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago and a school holiday in many states of the United States with a large Hindu population. This festival is celebrated in the month of Kartika Masam which falls sometime during October and November.
It is celebrated to mark the return of Lord Rama from 14 years of Exile and his victory over the demon Ravana. Hindus regard it as a celebration of life and use the occasion to strengthen family and relationship. In some parts of India, it marks the beginning of the new-year. It is celebrated by people bursting fireworks and crackers throughout the day. On this day, people will burst loud crackers during the daytime and at night with colourful and bright crackers. While it offers momentary pleasure, it is extremely harmful to our body and environment.
It adds air, noise and land pollution. Many people and animals are suffered from pollution. Our Government has taken some steps to prevent these pollutions by reducing the time to burst crackers. Diwali should be celebrated by spreading joy, love, laughter and not pollution. People visit their neighbors and friends. They exchange gifts and spend time with each other. Many people host Diwali parties to celebrate the occasion. It is a great way to rejoice in the festival. Nowadays, there is a campaign run by our Government to celebrate a pollution-free Diwali all over the country.
Schools and various organizations also organize various demonstrations prior to the celebration to educate aware students for pollution-free festival. Environment and pollution departments also do many efforts by publishing pollution free news in the various newspapers to aware people and control noise and air pollution because of firecrackers. Bursting sound-emitting firecrackers has been banned by the Supreme Court especially from 10 pm to 6 am. Air and water pollution is also caused by the decay of remnants of fireworks and deluge of garbage like empty bottles, papers used to the light of rockets, gift wrappers, dried flowers, etc. at the nook and corners of the city.
We all should practice celebrating the pollution free Diwali every year in order to save and enjoy the natural beauty of the environment forever. Diwali is a sacred festival. We must maintain its sanctity by celebrating it in the right way. We should refrain from burning crackers owing to the harmful effect on the environment that ultimately impacts the lives on Earth.